Your guide to different regions in Italy,

Regions in Italy

There are twenty different regions in Italy. Let us be your travel guide to them! Differences in people from various regions can be noticed in appearance, dialect, and even their attitude. You will find though, Italians are fiercely loyal to their own region, each believing that their region is better than any other in the country. This is extremely true for those that hail from the island of Sicily. Sicilians consider themselves Sicilian – not Italian.

I would also say that wine and food are significant differences in the regions. While northern Italy is considered more of a white sauce and lighter, sparkling wines, southern Italy is all about the red sauce and deep, full-bodied tasting wine. Some recipes, being handed down through generations are made in one area and not even known about in others or, perhaps they go by a different name.

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Twenty Regions are Listed Alphabetically

Let’s discover the twenty different regions and where you will find them. This might be a good way to figure out where you want to visit and how you can make your next itinerary work. Let this extensive post be your travel guide to Italy.

Your travel guide to different regions in Italy.


Abruzzo, located near the center of Italy, is what I would consider a rural part of the country. Gary and I have driven through Abruzzo, but haven’t investigated this region. Towns in this region are located in the mountains and down to its beaches. It’s hardly a touristy area as it boasts no major historic attractions.

The region can be divided into two parts. The western part of the region is mountainous; the eastern portion of the region consists mostly of rolling foothills slowly sloping down to long stretches of wide, sandy coastline. The abundance of natural surroundings provides a wealth of year-round activities. The mountains are perfect for walking, hiking, and cycling most of the year. There are more than 35 hiking trails in the region. In the winter, Abruzzo gets a lot of snow. You can find 18 ski resorts in the region, and 91 ski lifts! photo: Pescara

Aosta Valley

Located in the northwest corner of Italy, close to Switzerland and France is the Aosta Valley. The beautiful Alps run right through this region. Dairy is the most important part of the local diet in this area, which includes milk, butter, and the PDO-protected special cheese – Fontina. Also, readily available on the menu are beef, pork, and goat.

Let us be your travel guide to different regions in Italy,

Aosta is probably one of the most beautiful regions to enjoy the outdoors in Italy. It is also the smallest region in Italy. It is an ideal destination for anyone who enjoys winter sports and high-altitude walks. It’s filled with beautiful green valleys and fairy-tale castles making it a great area to experience year round. Two special places in Aosta you shouldn’t miss, our travel guide suggestions.  photo credit: Wikipedia

Matera, Italy, view of town, UNESCO. Let us be your travel guide to regions in Italy.


In the “instep” of Italy’s boot, you will find the southern region of Basilicata. The Apennines Mountains run right through this area. This area is quite rural and one of our favorite towns we discovered, Matera, is located here. This is the town of cave dwellings and a must-see if you visit this region of Italy. It is a poor region complete with lakes, small towns, and thick forests. See our post on Matera.

Basilicata is a land made special by a unique variety of landscapes including national parks, forests, and the legendary Sassi di Matera. The Sassi, with a labyrinth of alleys, stairways, and ancient buildings, has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is truly a town to stay and explore. photo: Matera


Calabria is located on the Mediterranean Sea and occupies the “toe” of Italy’s boot. Along this coastline, you will find many coves and bays with homes around it. As you venture inland from the coast, It is also complete with mountains like the Basilicata region to its east. Most noteworthy… here you are forced to use a car or bus as train travel is quite limited.

Calabria, Italy. Beautiful beaches and water. Let us be your travel guide to the different regions in Italy.

Calabria is unlikely to be the first place you’ll visit in Italy, but if you want to see an uncensored part of Italy – this should be your destination. A perfect travel guide area especially if you are looking for nontouristy, cliffs and beaches. This is one region we’ve yet to visit but plan to in the future.

Capri, Italy.
Let us be your travel guide to the different regions in Italy.


The southern region of Campania has lots to offer visitors. Here you will find the famous cities of Naples, Pompeii, the Amalfi coast, and the beautiful islands of Ischia and Capri. We enjoyed a few days in Salerno and loved every moment. As you would expect, the seafood from this region is fresh and amazing.

This region is known for its ancient ruins and dramatic coastlines. Naples, the regional capital, is a bustling city with an incredible natural setting between Mt. Vesuvius and the deep blue waters of the Gulf of Napoli. Find out more with our posts on Sorrento, Capri, and enjoying pizza in Naples!

Map of Italy showing regions,


Located in northern Italy, Emilia-Romagna is the home of Italy’s iconic sports cars. Here you will find the factories of Lamborghini, Pagani, and Ferrari, just to name a few. The region also includes the beautiful Renaissance cities of Bologna and Modena. Travel guide information… Modena is famous for its dark-colored, delicious balsamic vinegar. In addition, also found here is the pretty town of Parma which is home to Prosciutto di Parma, and Parmigiano-Reggiano. Two of my favorite things.

Parma ham tour, Parma, Italy. Let us be your travel guide to the different regions in Italy -

There is so much to see and do in this region, you really need to spend a few days, minimum. If you are a foodie, this is the region for you. We were fortunate to spend 90-days in Parma and fully investigated this region.

Friuli Venezia Giulia region in northeastern Italy.

Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Friuli-Venezia Giulia is a tiny region, in Italy’s far northeastern corner. It borders Austria and Slovenia and sits on the Adriatic Sea. It’s home to the majestic Dolomite Mountains and vineyards producing amazing white wines. Located just a few hours from Venice, this area is one of Italy’s least-touristed regions. A region we have yet to visit but it’s high on our list!

From the center of the city of Trieste, you can reach the border with Slovenia in just 20-minutes. Another reason to visit.

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Lazio is a popular region in Italy and home to the famous city of Rome. Centrally located and sitting on the Tyrrhenian Sea, there is so much to see and do in this region. Lazio is the center of Italian political life thanks to Rome being the capital of Italy and the presence of the Italian government. Most of all, it is also the home of the Vatican. Did you know that the Vatican is a separate country within Italy? Read the next section to find out the other. photo: Rome

Pantheon is a Roman temple now church with an amazing oculus and dome. Ancient Rome. Let us be your travel guide to the different regions in Italy.
Your guide to different regions in Italy,

Le Marche

Le Marche sits between the Apennine Mountains and the Adriatic Sea. It is long and narrow hugging the coastline. I have heard that this region is one of Italy’s best-kept secrets and less expensive to live in than other areas. San Marino, a small republic sits on the slopes of Mount Titano, on the Adriatic side of central Italy between the Le Marche and Emilia Romagna regions. photo credit: Wikipedia

If I were a travel guide and someone wanted an amazing “country” to see within Italy, San Marino would be an excellent day excursion.

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A small narrow strip along the coast in northwestern Italy is the region of Liguria. Its coastline is rocky and filled with cliffs. Genoa is the capital and home of Christopher Columbus. Most people know this coastal area because of the five little towns called Cinque Terre. Travel between towns is only by local train or boat, so no cars will be found on the streets. Also, another famous resort town found here is the exclusive and expensive town of Portofino. photo: Cinque Terre

Cinque Terre, Italy
Views of Lake Como, Italy.


Bordering Switzerland in northern Italy is the region of Lombardy. The capital Milan is the second-largest city in Italy. This area is known for its wealth, industry, and agriculture. But this location also consists of Italy’s “lake districts,” with magnificent destinations including Lake Como, Garda, and Maggiore. photo: Lake Como


Per a travel guide, Molise originally was grouped with the region of Abruzzo up until 1963 and became a region all of its own in 1970. Agriculture rules in this area of Italy and they are a high producer of olive oil and wine. It is a mountainous Italian region with a stretch of coastline on the Adriatic Sea. photo credit: Wikipedia

Your guide to different regions in Italy,
Beautiful Piedmont countryside. Let us be your travel guide to the different regions in Italy.


The northern region of Piedmont is surrounded by The Alps on three sides. What is unique? The towns within this area are not located in mountains but on flat terrain – in a valley. Famous wines and some of our favorites are grown and produced here, such as Barolo and Barbaresco.


The “heel” of the boot of Italy, is the location of one of our favorite regions, Puglia. This region is especially known for its olive oil and the crystal-clear turquoise waters of the Adriatic Sea. Beautiful beaches and excellent seafood are abundant here. One amazing and spectacular town to visit is Alberobello, a UNESCO World Heritage site, known for its unique cone-shaped Trulli houses. See the post on Conversano. photo: Alberobello

Door photos of Trulli in Alberobello, Puglia, Italy are a sight to behold. UNESCO, unique.
Your guide to different regions in Italy,


Sardinia is a large island located in the Mediterranean Sea and a long-time favorite summer destination of Italians. It is the second largest island in Italy, second to Sicily. It is complete with sandy beaches and a mountainous interior filled with hiking trails. We have yet to visit this island but it is high on our list. photo credit: Wikipedia

Food map of Italy describes what regions are famous for certain foods.
photo credit:


The largest island in the Mediterranean is Sicily and it is chock full of history. Those that hail from Sicily consider themselves Sicilian first and Italian second. Sicily has known many settlers and has a mixed heritage of Greek, French, Spanish, and Arabs. Sicily has a cuisine all of its own and some of the best pastries I have ever tasted. See the post on Sicily. photo: Taormina

Taromina, Sicily

Let us be your travel guide in Sicily with oodles of posts about many cities and experiences. Just go to the main menu and search “Sicily” or under “Italy > Explore Southern Regions.”

Months 9 & 10 for our 1-year adventure in Italy. New towns explored., Trento

Trentino-Alto Adige

Trentino-Alto Adige is also known as South Tyrol and was once part of Austria/Hungary. It became part of Italy in 1919. This region has lots of German roots in language and cuisine. The beautiful and majestic Dolomites and the eastern Alps are found here. See our posts on Trento and Bolzano. photo: Trento

This is one of the regions that I think is easily missed because of its location. We were staying in Verona and took the train to visit both Trento and Bolzano. They are located directly north of Verona and are worth the trip!

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Okay, seriously – who hasn’t heard of Tuscany? This might be the most well-known region in Italy. The beautiful towns that can be found here are stunning and unique. These include, but are not limited to Florence, Siena, Lucca, Pisa, Cortona, Arezzo, Montepulciano, San Gimignano, Volterra, and more. This region is famous for its rolling hills, cypress trees, vineyards, and the most beautiful countryside. In addition, Tuscany is also famous for its wine, such as Chianti (the black rooster), Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, and Brunello di Montalcino. See the post on Tuscany. photo: Siena

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Spotlight: Our love of Arezzo and return in 2020. Arezzo is in Tuscany, Italy.


Umbria sits directly in the center of this peninsula. This area has a history dating back to the Etruscans. Less known than Tuscany, Umbria is just as amazing, in my opinion. Our favorite towns here are Assisi, Spello, Foligno, Montefalco, and the capital, Perugia. This region has a great train line that you can easily get to so many fantastic cities. photo: Arezzo


This region is famous for its capital, Venice. It is one of the most visited towns in Italy after Rome and Florence. Tourism and industry are extremely important here and home to some of Italy’s most wines including Prosecco, Soave, and Valpolicella. Top towns to visit here also include Verona, Vicenza, and Padua. See the post on Burano. photo: Verona

verona things to see and do


As you can see, Gary and I have a great deal more exploring to do in Italy. There are four regions we have not yet explored. Italy is diverse in its culture, food, wine, and even its people. In the years ahead – we plan to do just that!

We hope you enjoyed us being your travel guide through these 20 regions in Italy. We are hoping you can use this informative post as a guide to create an awesome travel itinerary.

Editor’s Note:  This post was initially published in February 2017, and was updated in May 2024 for accuracy and additional information.
Your guide to different regions in Italy,


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