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Discovering the History | Piazza della Signoria | Florence, Italy

Piazza della Signoria, Palazzo Vecchio

Piazza della Signoria

The Piazza della Signoria is an L-shaped square located in front of the Palazzo Vecchio and was named after the Palazzo della Signoria, and also called Palazzo Vecchio.

Piazza della Signoria, Plazzo Vecchio

Most noteworthy, two statues are located in front of the Palazzo Vecchio. A copy of Michelangelo’s David, which replaced the original statue in 1873. Hence, the original can be viewed in the Accademia di Belle Arti and is definitely worth the visit! Hercules and Caucus which was sculpted by Bandinelli in 1533 is also found at the entrance.

The Palazzo Vecchio is from the 14th century and was Florence’s town hall and is still today the seat of the local government. It is also a working building that has many offices used on a daily basis; including the mayor’s office.

The Dei Lanzi

The statues under the Loggia della Signoria, also called “Dei Lanzi” is an open-air sculpture gallery of antique and Renaissance art. My favorite, the Benvenuto Cellini’s 1545-1554 bronze Perseus with the head of Medusa. It reminds me of a 1981 movie I love called “The Clash of the Titans.”

Piazza della Signoria, Perseus with head of Medusa

Perseus by Benvenuto Cellini

Piazza della Signoria

Statues Include:

  • LION (1594-1598), work by Flaminio Vacca
  • PIRRO RAPES POLYXENA (1860-1865), work by Pio Fedi and under the Loggia since 1865
  • ROMAN LADY called SABINE, and under the Loggia since 1789
  • BARBARIAN PRISONIER called THUSNELDA, came from a Villa Medici in Rome, and in 1789 was placed under the Loggia
  • MENELAUS SUPPORTING THE BODY OF PATROCLUS, (copy of flavian age of a Greek original) In 1570 it was placed near Ponte Vecchio, and then in 1741 placed under the Loggia
  • HERCULES FIGHTING THE CENTAUR NESSUS (1594-1599), work by Giambologna, and under the Loggia since 1841
  • LATIN INSCRIPTION (1750), commemorating the change of the Florentine calendar in 1749 to bring it into line with the Roman calendar. The Florentine calendar began on March 25 instead of January 1st
  • INSCRIPTION (1893), in marble records the Florentines who distinguished themselves during the independence wars
  • RAPE OF THE SABINE WOMEN (1581-1583), marble and bronze work by Giambologna and under the Loggia since 1583
  • LION, came from Villa Medici in Rome, and under the Loggia since 1789

In addition, also found in the piazza is The Fountain of Neptune, nickname “Biancone”. The statue stands on a high pedestal in the middle of an octagonal fountain. The equestrian statue in the piazza is of Cosimo 1 de Medici and was done by Gianbologna.

A Little Bit of History

Furthermore, the marker found in the Piazza della Signoria square is the remembrance of Girolamo Savonarola (1452-1498). Savonarola was a Dominican friar who was the leader of Florence from 1494-1498. He instigated the “Bonfire of the Vanities” hoping to cleanse Florence of everything he regarded as evil, such as art and Piazza della Signoriawealth. In addition, he was responsible for destroying art pieces and books due to his desire to move Florence back to Medieval times. Many of Florence’s wealthy citizens were openly persecuted or killed and many others fled the city in fear for their lives.

As a result of issues with Pope Alexander VI, it is said that an angry mob swarmed him and took him to the Piazza della Signoria where he was to be burned alive. Finally, before the flames engulfed him, a man named Ezio, in an act of mercy, stabbed him in the neck killing him. They left his body to burn.


Let’s also take a 360° view of the Piazza della Signoria while on an early morning visit. As luck would have it, they were setting up scaffolding to begin cleaning the fountain.



Finally, you can find the Piazza della Signoria here:

Piazza della Signoria

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