The Archiginnasio Palace
Teatro Anatomico in the Palazzo dell’ Archiginnasio
Inside the Archiginnasio Palace is the Teatro Anatomico Theater and the Archiginnasio Library. This building is used by the University of Bologna and its students.
Just walking up the stairs into this square hallway are beautiful frescoes and sculptures from the past. It makes you stop and think who walked these halls before you.
The Archiginnasio Palace, the first permanent seat of the ancient University of Bologna, was built in 1563. The reason it was built was to concentrate in a single location all the schools civil, philosophy, mathematics, physics, medicine and natural sciences, which until that time had been in various places throughout the city. Bologna is famous for being la Dotta (the Erudite), the town with the most ancient university in the western world and founded in 1088.
The Anatomy Theatre, were anatomy was taught mainly through dissection of corpses was built in 1637. Please visit this link to read more and see amazing photos: http://www.archiginnasio.it/theatre.htm
Only some of the many frescoes remain in the Archiginnasio Palace from the second half of the sixteenth century by the Bolognese painter, Bartholomeo Cesi. The majority were destroyed during an Allied air raid that struck the Archiginnasio on January 29, 1944.
The Archiginnasio library amount today to approximately 800,000 books and pamphlets, 12,000 manuscripts, 50,000 letters, and 15,000 drawings and designs. The library is called Orario della Biblioteca.
The Stabat Master Hall (below), formerly Hall of the Jurists is located on the upper floor, the ten classrooms (now interconnected) are flanked by two lecture halls, one for artists and one for lawyers. The public is not allowed into the gated library, but you can see some students once in a while walk by. It is extremely long and the picture of the floor gives it a wave look but the main corridor connecting the two lecture halls is very long.