San Marino in Italy is the smallest republic in the world, but also the 5th smallest country in the world.
Only 61 square meters in size, San Marino is independent with its own government and laws even though it is completely surrounded by Italy. San Marino dates back from the fourth century AD. Mount Titano, is the capital city of San Marino. There is a medieval stone wall that encloses the original settlement and is completely closed to traffic. The views are everywhere you look.
Piazza della Liberta during the summer has a changing of the guard ceremony. Their uniforms are quite unique. There is one single street leading up to Piazza della Libertà that is lined with cafes, restaurants, and shops selling duty-free items, one of San Marino’s attractions to visiting Italian tourists. The Public Palace is the seat of San Marino supreme institution and the council room can be visited only when the Parliament or the Great and General Council is not in session.
Three fortresses – Castle Guaita, Castle Cesta, and Montale (only a tower) – crown the long ridge of Mount Titano, The views from these towers are spectacular and you can view the Apennines, the coastal town of Rimini, and the sea as far as the Dalmatian coast. The first tower called “Salita alla Rocca” was built in the 11th century and renovated since then. The second tower called “Salita alla Cesta” dates back to the 13th century. It is located on the highest peak of Mount Titano.
Since it is a country, separate from Italy we took the opportunity to get our passports stamped. We stopped at the tourist office and the woman was quite nice and was interested in our story about obtaining dual citizenship.
We used the beach town of Rimini as our home base for this trip. Wear your best walking shoes and be prepared to climb steps. The bus was 10€ round trip from Rimini to San Marino and well worth it. San Marino is beautiful, quaint, and should not be missed.